I recently posted a Guest Blog Entry at the Balance Junkie site titled How to Use Valuation-Informed Indexing -- Part Two. Juicy Excerpt: The smart Valuation-Informed Indexer prepares not only for the most likely outcome but for all other realistic possibilities. And the smart Valuation-Informed Indexer takes into consideration the emotional hit he will feel if he shifts to a low stock allocation because prices are high and stocks perform well for a few years or if he shifts to a high stock…
Oil price spikes have contributed to every recession since World War II by sapping consumer purchasing power, according to Moody’s. U.S. benchmark crude oil prices of about $65 a barrel are up from a low of about $26 in early 2016 and $59 early this year but well below the $112 reached in 2014. And average gasoline prices are just under $3 a gallon compared with more than $4 four years ago.

According to much national or state legislation, a large array of fiscal obligations are taxed for capital gains. Taxes are charged by the state over the transactions, dividends and capital gains on the stock market, in particular in the stock exchanges. These fiscal obligations vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Some countries[which?] avoid taxing profits on stocks as the profits are already taxed when companies file returns, but double taxation is common at some level in many countries.
I believe that 4 of the Planets correspond to the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse in Revelation; Jupiter is the Antichrist, Mars is War, Saturn is Economic Depression, and Pluto is Death (and Hell rides with Death, Pluto has a single moon Charon, which like Pluto has a mythology connected with the Land of the Dead.) Saturn I would relate to economic depression, because in Greek / Roman / Etruscan mythology, Saturn was associated with agriculture as well as weights and measures and coins. So, there could be worsening world economic problems in 2018 - 2019. So the third horseman, economic problems, could ride (in Asia, Europe, Latin America, and much of the rest of the world, the U.S. I think will not do too badly, the economy dropping some).
Many of the video courses on this platform charge an enrollment fee, but there is a small collection of free options, including Fundamentals of Investing, taught by a chartered financial analyst, and Basic Investing Concepts, led by a certified financial planner. Both courses offer over an hour of content that will help novice investors get off the ground.
Tax avoidance has not always related to corporation tax. A number of companies including Tesco used a scheme to avoid VAT by deeming 2.5% of purchases paid for by card to be a 'card transaction fee', which reduced the company's tax liability without changing the charge to the customer. Such schemes came to light after HMRC litigated against Debenhams over the scheme in 2005.[147]
Les CELI affichant des rendements « hors-norme » ($ 52,000 de dépôts menant à $ 600,000) ne sont plus considérés par le Fisc comme des comptes d’épargne libres d’impôt mais comme des comptes d’investissement actifs procurant un avantage au détenteur. Ces « excès » de rendement peuvent être taxés à 50% ou même 100% à la discrétion du Fisc… Des cas du genre ont été documentés et il faut bien faire attention à ce que l’on fait dans son CELI.
I’ve posted Entry #418 to my weekly Valuation-Informed Indexing column at the Value Walk site. It’s called The Shiller Revolution Is About Shifting the Focus from Economics to Emotions. Juicy Excerpt: The Shiller investor would have been frightened by those gains. He would not have seen them as something to celebrate; he would likely have characterized them as “out of control.” All investors want the market to be as rational as possible; we have our retirement money invested in it. The difference, though, is that Buy-and-Holders see nothing concerning about big price gains — they are caused by economic developments as much as are small gains. Valuation-Informed Indexers, in contrast, see bull-market gains as emotion-generated gains. Times of high valuations are times of irrational exuberance. The times in which the market delivers big gains are the most dangerous times for stock investors. Related PostsValuation-Informed Indexing #267: Take Valuations Seriously and You Will Discover Things That You Were Not Initially Even Seeking to DiscoverValuation-Informed Indexing #260 : Shiller’s Ideas Should Be Treated as Mainstream IdeasValuation-Informed Indexing #268: Chase Utley’s “Dirty” Slide and Robert Shiller’s “Dirty” ResearchValuation-Informed Indexing #265: P/E10 Permits Us to Quantify Investor EmotionValuation-Informed Indexing #261: Unlike Long-Term Returns, Short-Term Return Sequences Are Highly UnpredictableValuation-Informed Indexing #255: How Developments Like the Greek Debt Crisis Affect Stock Prices
Il n’y a pas de montant minimum pour investir en bourse. Les frais de courtage en direct sont généralement de 10$ par transaction. Donc, vous pouvez acheter une action de Facebook à 175$ si vous voulez. Par contre, il faut pas mettre tout nos oeufs dans le même panier, il faut diversifier. Ainsi, il est préférable d’acheter plusieurs titres dans différentes régions géographiques et dans différents secteurs d’activités.
“The Problem Stems From the Fact That We Didn’t Always Know Everything There Is to Know About How Stock Investing Works, and When Shiller Published His Nobel-Prize-Winning Research, the Buy-and-Holders Elected to Ignore It Rather Than to Work Up the Courage to Say the Words ‘I’ and ‘Was’ and ‘Wrong.’ Now We Are in a Trap. It Is Now 500 Times Harder for Bogle and the Other Buy-and-Holders to Say Those Words Than It Would Have Been to Say Them 37 Years Ago.”
   This One day crash course on Stock Market will cover the basics to to make you understand what is stock market and how does it operate. This will give the attendees a complete layout on how to analyse the market, the market structure and how has it been framed and developed. The understanding will start from the scratch to End up at a point where you could individually involve with stocks and make better investment decisions.
I wrote a Guest Blog Entry re the new Returns-Sequence Reality Checker calculator that appears today at the Consumerism Commentary blog. It's called The Good Side of Stocks' Lost Decade. Juicy Excerpt: The reason why I call the calculator “The Reality Checker” is that it throws doubt on one of our most fundamental beliefs about stock investing — that positive returns are good and that negative returns are bad. It’s not hard to understand why most of us think that. If your stock…
In the middle of the 13th century, Venetian bankers began to trade in government securities. In 1351 the Venetian government outlawed spreading rumors intended to lower the price of government funds. Bankers in Pisa, Verona, Genoa and Florence also began trading in government securities during the 14th century. This was only possible because these were independent city-states not ruled by a duke but a council of influential citizens. Italian companies were also the first to issue shares. Companies in England and the Low Countries followed in the 16th century.

I’m less concerned than our friends at the Fed. Businesses are rebelling in mass against Trump’s punitive tariffs on steel, aluminum, and lumber. Trump is still blind to his own economic idiocy as I write. Given the torrent of negative press on tariffs in recent weeks, I suspect that a member or two of his retinue will force him to see the light. They’ll force him sooner than later.

Je suis maintenant Trader depuis bientôt un an. Tout ca a commencé en lisant sur des sites comme Seeking alpha surtout et j’ai appris a connaitre les  » leveraged etfs » qui sont supposés donner 2X ou 3X le rendement des indices, commodités etc qu’ils suivent. J’ai fait un premier placement qui m’a rapporté 15k$ en 1 semaine (j’ai atttendu de vendre une journée trop tard et finalement réalisé un profit de juste 10k$) mais j’avais été piqué !
Although we’ve seen more recognition of cryptocurrencies as investment vehicle, they’re still considered high-risk investments. Some see Bitcoin as safe-haven in case of a global crash due to its decentralized nature, the low correlation with the stock markets and the limited supply. Though, there is no reliable data available on how cryptocurrencies behave during a stock market crash. However, if you’re willing to take the risk, adding a small percentage of Bitcoin or cryptocurrency stocks to a diversified portfolio could be a worthwhile investment decision.
Rising share prices, for instance, tend to be associated with increased business investment and vice versa. Share prices also affect the wealth of households and their consumption. Therefore, central banks tend to keep an eye on the control and behavior of the stock market and, in general, on the smooth operation of financial system functions. Financial stability is the raison d'être of central banks.[49]
Here we will apply astrology and the Revelation13.net theories to economics. How will the world economy and stock market do in 2018 - 2019? Here we will apply astrology, Biblical prophecy, numerical analysis, and the concepts of this Revelation13.net web site to economics. Could a worldwide economic crash and economic depression occur soon, including a worse world stock market crash? In September - October 2008 there was a major fall in the U.S. Stock Market that also affected European and other country's economies.
I recently posted a Guest Blog Entry at the Moolanomy blog entitled Stock Volatility Kills. Juicy Excerpt: Don’t count all the gains you obtain from stocks as real. The U.S. economy has for a long time been sufficiently productive to finance an annual increase in stock prices of about 6.5 percent real. In years when stock prices go up by that much, the gains really are yours to keep. But in the 1990s there were years when stock prices went up by 20 percent or 25 percent or even 30 percent.…
(7) Diseases. Disease epidemics could be a worsening problem in 2018 - 2019, including Bird Flu or H3N2 Flu Influenza, and SARS could return -- I think these are diseases that could cause great problems over the next 5 years. And antibiotic resistant bacteria infections. Watch out for worsening worldwide disease epidemics in 2018-2019, including Ebola and Flu and Zika Virus. And this disease epidemic could be Ebola, or swine flu, or Flu strain H3N2 Fujian, which is a severe strain that began as an outbreak in 2003, or it could more likely be bird flu type H5N1 causing a severe epidemic in birds - chickens, ducks, etc.- but that can spread to humans. H3N2 Fujian began in Fujian Province in China, (associating it with the Red Dragon, Red China, in Revelation 12), and bird flu began in Korea in Dec. 2003, but previously there was a 1997 outbreak in Hong Kong, associating it with the dragon. The concern is that bird flu is very deadly to people, and if it mutates to spread from person to person then it could cause a deadly worldwide pandemic in 2018 - 2019. And swine flu began speading worldwide from Mexico in April 2009, see the calendar page and Flu page on it. See the King James Bible Code matrices on diseases, including the possibility of an airborne Ebola outbreak, and a deadly Swine Flu mutation.
I recently wrote a Guest Blog Entry for the "Money and Such" blog entitled Passive Investing Is a Strategy for Extremists. Juicy Excerpt: The word “passive” sounds neutral. It sounds moderate. I don’t think the investing philosophy is that at all. The investing philosophy argues for taking no action whatsoever when the risk of holding stocks increases dramatically. This is the blog entry that was viewed by the owner of the "Lazy Man and Money" blog as "too hot to…

I had decided to find out what German clairvoyants say about the future of Europe, went on YouTube and came across a video called “Palmblatt-Prophezeihungen, Katastrophale Zulu ft says such ten Europa a 2018”. The source of the videos’ text is Thomas Ritter, a collector of Naadi oracle leaves ( German: Palmblatt). He had some Naadi leaves translated by a retired professor who understands the symbols used in the leaves. The prophecies are published on his website and they talk about the coming changes in Europe. Bearing in mind that the original Naadi leaves are thousands of years old, the prophecies are absolutely mind-boggling and corroborate prophecies from other sources.

And because memes can have different lifespans on different platforms, they never really die, which is important to consider if you’re in the market to sell. “Memes have a tendency to resurge,” Wink says. “You’ll have a meme gain popularity, die out in a month, and then a year later suddenly it’s very popular again. Kermit has had three iterations that have died and then come back.”
I recently wrote a Guest Blog Entry for the "Money and Such" blog entitled Passive Investing Is a Strategy for Extremists. Juicy Excerpt: The word “passive” sounds neutral. It sounds moderate. I don’t think the investing philosophy is that at all. The investing philosophy argues for taking no action whatsoever when the risk of holding stocks increases dramatically. This is the blog entry that was viewed by the owner of the "Lazy Man and Money" blog as "too hot to…
Over the next year, "equities will probably continue to go up as we have all these stock buybacks and free cash flow," Minerd told CNBC. But "ultimately, when the chickens come home to roost and we have a recession, we're going to see a lot of pressure on equities especially as defaults rise, and I think once we reach a peak that we'll probably see a 40% retracement in equities."
Great food. In July of 2017. it was discovered that I got type 2 diabetes, By the end of the July month. I was given a prescription for the Metformin, I stated with the some diet and followed it completely for several weeks but was unable to get my blood sugar below 140, Without results to how for my hard work. I really panicked and called my doctor. His response?? Deal with it yourself, I started to feel that something wasn’t right and do my own research, Then I found Ella’s diabetes story (google How Ella freed diabetes  ) .. I read it from cover to cover and I started with the diet and by the next week. my blood sugar was 100, Since then. I get a fasting reading between the mid 70s and 80s, My doctor was very surprised at the results that. the next week. he took me off the Metformin drug, I lost 16 pounds in my first month and lost more than 3+ inches off my waist and I’m able to work out twice a day while still having lots of energy. The truth is that we can get off the drugs and help myself by trying natural methods.
You might imagine that Wink and Vaisman are hoping for some real-world impact, given the mental resources they’ve dedicated to this project. But NASDANQ will be a self-sustaining economy, and the value of these memes will only exist internally. Wink and Vaisman see it as a sociological project — NASDANQ will be a visual representation of a very specific portion of our online selves. But the nature of assigning value to the things we share online means that a meme’s value will be taken personally by some. And so the backlash seems inevitable.
En effet c’est impressionnant, et c’est un autre regret, qui est en partie dû à mon écoute des conseils financiers: j’ai trop misé sur les obligations / dépôts à terme dans mes comptes enregistrés, alors que si j’avais plutôt utilisé mes comptes REER et CELI (surtout CELI), ils auraient gagné en « espace » .. ainsi rendu à la retraite, au moment où ça fait du sens d’avoir des obligations, tu as beaucoup d’espace pour les mettre dans le CELI, à l’abri total de l’impôt.

The resultant rise of mass unemployment is seen as a result of the crash, although the crash is by no means the sole event that contributed to the depression. The Wall Street Crash is usually seen as having the greatest impact on the events that followed and therefore is widely regarded as signaling the downward economic slide that initiated the Great Depression. True or not, the consequences were dire for almost everybody. Most academic experts agree on one aspect of the crash: It wiped out billions of dollars of wealth in one day, and this immediately depressed consumer buying.[36]

A few days earlier, Weingarten subscribed me to his weekly market forecasting newsletter, whose major insight lately has been: “US MARKETS ARE ‘EASY’ IF YOU REMEMBER THAT TRUMP’S 2018 HOROSCOPE IS STELLAR.” I ask Weingarten what that means. He responds by chronicling his rise from fledgling East Village astrologer to financial oracle, from his prediction of the 1990 crash in Japan to his glorious 2016, in which he was long on a Trump victory and the market rally to follow. I ask the same question maybe five more times before he clarifies that he had seen a “double Jupiter” in Trump’s horoscope, “which was a big win.” This year “he has a Jupiter-Neptune.” Which means? “It means he’s going to win.” Which tells us what about U.S. markets? It tells us they will win. “Jupiter means winning. Win! Win! Win!”

I agree with Craigs. It’s likely Trump coming to power, one way or other. One way is elections-win. Other way is stern ‘power grab’ or cause some civil unrest. Something bad is going to happen starting mid-Nov regarding Trump, throughout 2017. May be civil unrest throughout 2017-2018….. A huge possibility of War between India-Pakistan, and Muslims being destroyed in 2017 all over the world…. Then it would be West vs Russia and China… 2020 is the finish line, that could wipe off up to 95% world population of living beings, not just humans. HOWEVER, if spiritual people plan differently, then God-power will intervene and save major collapse… these being future events, the post-US election is going to be ‘war’. Likely a totally new ‘spiritual entity/power’ will rise up in US and possibly prevent major events. May be? (Just guessing after reading things online, and what I feel is ‘right’, intuitively).
There is no numerically specific definition of a stock market crash but the term commonly applies to steep double-digit percentage losses in a stock market index over a period of several days. Crashes are often distinguished from bear markets by panic selling and abrupt, dramatic price declines. Bear markets are periods of declining stock market prices that are measured in months or years. Crashes are often associated with bear markets, however, they do not necessarily go hand in hand. The crash of 1987, for example, did not lead to a bear market. Likewise, the Japanese bear market of the 1990s occurred over several years without any notable crashes.
Mercury will rise in the West on 9th. This will help the traders having some relief. Business sentiments will improve and there will be visible overall sense of security. Jupiter will enter Scorpio sign on 11th and will bring hope & optimism in the market. Stocks of textiles, Cotton and Bullions will see an upsurge in demand. Indices will start moving Northwards on almost daily basis. Exports order will boost the economy and Rupee s value against Dollar will also improve. Buying interests will be further fuelled by the entry of Mercury in Scorpio sign and conjoining Jupiter on 26th. To increase the demand in Gold, the Bullion dealers will offer many new schemes to attract the customers. Stocks of wool, textiles and health/ fitness related companies will rise. (e.g. Talwalkars, Monte Carlo, Lovable, Kitex & Trident etc).
These blogs also often lead to additional resources you can use to further your education. Generally, they mention other bloggers or books they’ve read to help them on their investing journey. This a method that Robert Farrington, investor and founder of TheCollegeInvestor.com recommends to his readers. "I highly suggest reading blogs and websites geared towards beginning investors," Farrington says. "There are a lot of amazing free resources out there for individuals looking to learn how to invest. For example, we have our free Learn How To Invest video training course, that goes through the basics of how to get started investing."
For example, a situation may arise in which there are apparently offsetting influences of planetary transits from benefic Jupiter and malefic Saturn to key natal planets. In those instances, an astrological analysis is perhaps better off deferring judgement until other planetary influences come in to tip the balance. In this way, the best approach is for a selective application of astrological insights at critical turning points in the market. So while it may not be clear just how a stock will move over a period of days, weeks or even months, the astrologer will be able to identify critical time windows that have a much greater likelihood of ups or downs. Knowing these times of probable market outcomes can come in very handy to the trader, even if they only occur sporadically.
Prince posted that his app has received more than 1000 downloads in the short time it's been available. The app's success is perhaps unsurprising. MemeBroker isn't the first attempt to make the meme economy real, but it is the first endeavor to succeed. A separate group calling themselves NASDANQ has reportedly been trying to figure out how to make the meme economy real, but haven't released anything yet. 

Rather than trying to time the market, which is incredibly hard to do and often counterproductive, it can be helpful to remember that the attractive long-term returns to the stock market include many market crashes. Depending on your measurement criteria, time-period and exactly what index you look at well-diversified portfolio have averaged returns of around 6%-10% a year over time.
By NO means am I asking you to donate anything, as I put up the blog and post my thoughts for FREE, in order to help everyone out the best that I can. However, it seems common now for people to put up a "Donate" button, so here it is! Just ignore it if you wish, as I'll still continue to try and help everyone the best I can... without any donates required.
But here’s the thing about AFund: The A stands for “Astrologers.” It’s run by an antic, charming 70-year-old named Henry Weingarten who says he gleans insight from charting the movements of celestial bodies. Today’s event isn’t technically about astrology, but like everything in the universe, it probably is. “Sixty to 70 percent of what I do is in the natural resource space,” Weingarten tells me after lunch at the club, holding a glass of red wine. “I think it’s because I’m a Leo. And effectively, as a Leo, I have an affinity for gold.”
Congratulations on your correct prediction that the Republicans would win. It is like a Brexit for the USA, as Clinton, Bush and Obama are all backed and controlled by big finance. Clinton would just have been more of the same and the Americans were fed up. I’m very relieved that the goading of the Russians with fabricated nonsense will hopefully now stop.
Good harvests had built up a mass of 250 million bushels of wheat to be "carried over" when 1929 opened. By May there was also a winter-wheat crop of 560 million bushels ready for harvest in the Mississippi Valley. This oversupply caused a drop in wheat prices so heavy that the net incomes of the farming population from wheat were threatened with extinction. Stock markets are always sensitive to the future state of commodity markets, and the slump in Wall Street predicted for May by Sir George Paish arrived on time. In June 1929, the position was saved by a severe drought in the Dakotas and the Canadian West, plus unfavorable seed times in Argentina and eastern Australia. The oversupply would now be wanted to fill the big gaps in the 1929 world wheat production. From 97¢ per bushel in May, the price of wheat rose to $1.49 in July. When it was seen that at this figure American farmers would get rather more for their smaller crop than for that of 1928, stocks went up again.
Si vous ne souhaitons pas vous occuper de vos placements, il vous faut trouver un conseiller compétent. Je vous suggère de contacter Fabien Major, conseiller inscrit (Major Gestion Privée). Avant d’investir, vous devez connaître vous-même. Quelle est votre tolérance au risque ? Quels sont vos horizons de placements ? Quels sont vos objectifs ? Quelle est votre situation financière et fiscale ? Avez-vous un plan de décaissement pendant votre retraite ? Quelle est votre espérance de vie ? Etc. Le conseiller pourrait vous aider.
It is not just the uber rish who lose the most. It is the middle class workers. Those of us who have worked hard and survied years of down sizing in larger corporations who will lose a great deal…along with all those who also benifit from our generosity over the years. All the school supply drives, blood drives, holliday food drives to name a few. We try to contribute the amount to our 401’s to earn the companies matching benifits. We are pentalized for taking out our money until we reach the age of 59. Those of us who are to close to retiring don’t have the opportunity to recoup our money. So we will be faced with working to a much older age then we planned. So in reality…while we may be middle income…we don’t have the ability to just put out our money. If we lose a great portion of our 401’s and there is another housing market crash they have managed to chip away yet another chuck of middle imcome households. Sooner or later it will only be the very poor and the very rich! We need a solution to bring back the middle income and a solution for more and more folks to have the opportunity to move beyond lower income! We have done our best to prepare for what life might throw at us short term and long time, but I do believe it is going to be a bummpy ride, so buckle up my prepper friends.
(1)1998=666x3, and 1999 has 666 upside down, and 666 is the number of the Antichrist (also called The Beast) in Revelation 13, I believe these numbers are connected with his appearance in year 2000 (as Russia's President Putin), and there will be a powerful satanic influence in the world (related to Putin) in 2018 - 2019, that relates to the rise of the Antichrist Putin. Revelation is the last chapter of the Bible, and includes a series of prophecies of catastrophic events-- wars, earthquakes, diseases, economic chaos, and the arrival of the Antichrist. Angels are also mentioned in Revelation, such as an angel from the East in Revelation 7, another Angel in Revelation 10. Many people believe the prophecies of the Bible are coming true now, as described in Revelation; the popularity of the excellent book "The Bible Code" by Michael Drosnin, (see this page for more discussion of it, and this page on the King James version Bible Code) indicates the interest of people in Bible prophecy. Another interesting book: "The Da Vinci Code", by Dan Brown, is about the Biblical-related mystery concerning Mary Magdalene, and the legend that she actually married Jesus Christ, and had children by him, whose descendants were kings of France, and that the blood line has been traced to present times by a secret society in Europe. See this page for relevant discussion on this subject. As described in the prophecies of Revelation, the Antichrist is the son of Satan, a Satanic imitation of Christ. The Antichrist will be assisted by the False Prophet, who is the Second Beast of Revelation 13. The False Prophet is said to work apparent miracles, including "bringing fire down from heaven". The Antichrist is described as having the mouth of a lion, feet of a bear, and gets his power from the dragon: the bear is Russia, the dragon is Red China and also Satan, and the mouth of a lion I think is Hong Kong, the former British colony that is now part of China. This indicates a Russia-Red China military alliance. A second meaning of the lion is Iran, where before the Islamic Revolution Iran had a Lion on its flag, indicating a Russia-China-Iran military alliance, with Russia helping Iran build the A-Bomb by helping it with its nuclear program, and Russia has been selling military equipment such as missles to Iran. The "mouth of a lion" could be Iran. Also, note that a Russia-China military alliance has formed in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) which consists now of Russia, China, and 4 Central asian Countries, and which met in October 2005, and there was a Russia-China joint military exercise in 2005. Clearly the SCO was formed as an alliance against the U.S. and Western Europe. And more countries may join the SCO. The SCO may actually develop into a confederation of 10 states led by the Antichrist Putin, the red 10 horned beast of Revelation 13. Also, it is possible that Belarus may unify with Russia, so it is shown in the drawing below. "The little horn" is a name for the Antichrist from the Book of Daniel (note Putin's small size), so St. Petersburg Russia is where this little horn of the red beast has grown.

Small Caps and affiliated companies accept no responsibility for any claim, loss or damage as a result of information provided or its accuracy. The information provided on this site is general in nature, not financial product advice. Your personal objectives, financial situation or needs have not been taken into consideration. There may be a conflict of interest present with commercial arrangements with companies and/or stock held.

Set forth below are links to eight Guest Blog Entries I've written on the Valuation-Informed Indexing investing strategy: 1) What's the Best Age at Which to Experience a Stock Crash?, at Barbara Friedberg Personal Finance; 2) A Better and Safer Way to Invest in Stocks, at the Foolish Blogging Network; 3) Playing Dominion vs. Playing the Market, at Free From Broke; 4) Stocks Are Not Risky for Those Willing to Tune Out the Wall Street Mumbo Jumbo; at Everyday Tips and Thoughts; 5)…
Jack Cohen, the son of Jewish migrants from Poland, founded Tesco in 1919 when he began to sell war-surplus groceries from a stall at Well Street Market, Hackney, in the East End of London.[10] The Tesco brand first appeared in 1924. The name came about after Jack Cohen bought a shipment of tea from Thomas Edward Stockwell. He made new labels using the initials of the supplier's name (TES), and the first two letters of his surname (CO), forming the word TESCO.[10] After experimenting with his first permanent indoor market stall at Tooting in November 1930, Jack Cohen opened the first Tesco shop in September 1931 at 54 Watling Street, Burnt Oak, Edgware, Middlesex.[11][12][13] Tesco was floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1947 as Tesco Stores (Holdings) Limited.[10] The first self-service shop opened in St Albans in 1956 (which remained operational until 2010 before relocating to larger premises on the same street, with a period as a Tesco Metro),[17] and the first supermarket in Maldon in 1956.[10] In 1961 Tesco Leicester made an appearance in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest shop in Europe.[9]
In May 2007, it was revealed that Tesco had moved the head office of its online operations to Switzerland. This allows it to sell CDs, DVDs and electronic games through its web site without charging value-added tax (VAT).[144] The operation had previously been run from Jersey, but had been closed by authorities who feared damage to the island's reputation.[144] In June 2008, the government announced that it was closing a tax loophole being used by Tesco.[145] The scheme, identified by British magazine Private Eye, utilized offshore holding companies in Luxembourg and partnership agreements to reduce corporation tax liability by up to £50 million a year.[145] Another scheme previously identified by Private Eye involved depositing £1 billion in a Swiss partnership, and then loaning that money to overseas Tesco shops, so that profit could be transferred indirectly through interest payments. This scheme was still in operation in June 2008 and was estimated to be costing the UK exchequer up to £20 million a year in corporation tax.[145] Tax expert Richard Murphy has provided an analysis of this avoidance structure.[146]

There are a lot of threats to the market, not the least of which is that this bull is long in the tooth and valuations have gotten quite high. However, making market predictions is an exercise in hubris. I have lost much more money than I have made in the stock market by listening to one prediction or another. These days, I try to stay diversified in good quality assets (not just stocks) and don’t base my holdings on what I think the market will do in the future.